Installation of Doors and Masonry
This course on masonry shows how to install doors and windows in a
non-damaging fashion with old stone buildings and how to prepare and use
traditional lime mixture. A great amount of damages have been caused to
old buildings in the past mainly be two very destructive techniques and it is a
goal of this publication to show alternative approaches.
- Using metallic parts and anchors to mount on limestone of window and door
ledges. These parts which were jammed into holes will corrode and by
forming rust grow in volume and crack the stones.
- Using Portland cement or non-natural limes for masonry. Such
binders contain a high concentration of salts and these salts will
over the years be transported into the bound stones (blooming). The
salts will re-crystallize in the pores of the stones and grow in volume and
by doing this explode the stones from within similar to the effect of ice
formation inside a stone.
A relatively great distance of 9 driving hours from his home to the castle is
a particular challenge for the owner of the castle of Epanvilliers. He
also finds little local support in his efforts and thus has to organize all
construction work at distance. In spring 2000 for
instance 10 doors and 8 door frames had to be moved along with a 4 meter screen, 16
lamps, 2 staircase ramps, metal parts for ceiling mountings, about 50 pieces of
metal ceiling panes, cables and much more.
I use a VW Passat for moving the material and take the
following safety measures. Always stay within the weight limits both
for total load and for roof loads. Rain protecting foils must be used were water
could increase the weight.
I reinforced the gallery using wooden blocks which can not be detached from the
gallery. I also use wooden bars on the gallery to distribute the weight
Professional quality straps are used for both fixing the loads to the gallery
and for fixing the gallery to the car.
Loads inside the car must also be strapped to prevent moving. Good sight
clearances must be left.
Special care must be given when transporting steel rods - forward gliding must
be prevented under all circumstances. I pull wires across their mounting
holes and fix these wires to the gallery.
I normaly use normal streets and not free-ways as lower speeds are
tolerated. The official speed limits are respected under all circumstances
- even when driving 90km/h and below does not always make you friends in France.
But I do like the French food and often visit my neighbors at Panievre